(Col. Cat. 13, 14, 15, 60, 199)

Born 1939, Barotseland Protectorate, Western Province, Zambia. Self-taught painter.  1986, first exhibition, Mpapa Gallery, Lusaka.  Focuses on political elements from colonial era and traditional aspects of Zambian life. Subjects always depicted in satirical graphic profile.  Exhibited widely in Zambia and abroad.  Featured in many reputable international art magazines and journals, including African Arts.  Lived and worked in Mongu and Livingstone.